on the 13th august 1961, the german democratic republic of east germany, started to build a wall that completely cut off the land between west and east berlin. this barrier was constructed of large prefabricated concrete blocks, that fitted together piece by piece. the wall was surrounded by anti-vehicle trenches and the 96 mile long wall was peppered with many many guard towers. the eastern block had claimed that this wall had been constructed to protect its population from any fascist elements and influences. however in reality it prevented any emigration or defection.

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